The Most Commonly Reported Types of Sex Crimes

It was in 1996 when the U.S. Congress passed Megan’s Law in response to the sexual crime committed against a seven-year-old girl who was raped and killed by her neighbor in 1994. The Megan’s Law is a federal mandate which requires law enforcement agencies to make available to the public any relevant information about sex offenders visiting, living and working in their communities; information, which should include a sex offender’s name, photo, residential address, nature of crime and incarceration date, can be published in pamphlets or newspapers and/or posted in free public websites.

After their release from custody, sex offenders, especially those whose victims were children, are legally required to notify local law enforcement authorities (for up to 10 years or permanently) regarding changes in their address or employment. Failure to make this notification is considered a felony in many states.

Sex crimes, especially those committed against children, are very serious offenses. Though offenders only deserve the harsh punishments imputed on them, it cannot be denied that there is a great number of those who are convicted despite being innocent. Their only fault is either the lack of proof to exonerate them or their having a weak defense during trial. The consequences of these are a ruined future or a conviction that will destroy both their personal career and community life, which are worse than time in jail.

The most commonly reported types of sex crimes include:

  • Statutory rape (which refers to an adult engaging in sex with a minor who is under the age of consent);
  • Sexual assault of a child;
  • Child molestation or indecency with a child;
  • Internet sex crime;
  • Possession and distribution of child pornography; and,
  • Aggravated sexual assault

In order to protect children, especially, different federal laws have been passed, like the Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act of 2006, the Sexual Offender Act of 1994 (or the Megan’s Law as it is known at the federal level) and the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994.

As mentioned in a website named “Brent Horst Attorney At Law,” an offender whose crime may be identified as sexual in nature will, upon conviction, be required to register as a sex offender. This means that the state can maintain in a public Internet database any relevant information about him or her (including his or her identity, whereabouts, employer, criminal history, and so forth); information that anyone can republished in any form for any purpose.

To clear one’s name from the sex crime he or she is being charged with, as well as keep any information about him or her from being posted online for anyone to see, it will need enough proof and the most convincing defense from a seasoned criminal defense lawyer. A lawyer short of this grade may jeopardize any attempt to clear the name of the accused.